Non sequitur Soup for the Lexicon Soul
A noun is technically like a person, place, or thing or whatever. But for this purpose, it's best to go with just things and stuff.
An adjective is a fancy type of word that describes a noun. Like 'tall' or 'soggy' or 'fancy' and things like that.
A verb is an action word. In this context you should use the infinitive without the particle 'to'. Like 'run' instead of 'to run' or 'running'.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb. They tend to end in the letters 'ly'. 'Tenderly' and 'quickly' For example.